My name is Marc Mulholland. I am a Fellow (lecturer and tutor) in the History Faculty of Oxford University. My College is St Catherine's. I come from Ireland.

This is a blog relating to my book published in 2012 by Oxford University Press, Bourgeois Liberty and the Politics of Fear: From Absolutism to Neo-Conservativism.
Now on sale here and here. If you want 20 per cent off the price, I can arrange that! Send me a message or leave a comment, and I'll tell you how.

The thesis my book is examining was rather pithily summarised by Leon Trotsky in 1939: "Wherever the proletariat appeared as an independent force, the bourgeoisie shifted to the camp of the counter-revolution. The bolder the struggle of the masses, the quicker the reactionary transformation of liberalism." [Context is here]

However, my book isn't a defence of Trotskyism, or indeed any particular ideology. It's a study of an idea that took shape in Left, Right, and Centre variations.

This blog has tid-bits not included in the book, and other thoughts that occur.

You can see book details at the
OUP website.



Wednesday, 19 June 2013

Marx and the Educative Dictatorship

I've written a a looong review of Jonanthan Sperber's new biography of Marx over at Dublin Review of Books. Why not read and share!

There are lots of other reviews on-line: some very interesting, some a bit predictable. Richard Overy in Literary Review is very interesting (it's an omnibus discussion of Sperber and Hosfeld):

Neither Hosfeld nor Sperber brings out clearly enough the role of consciousness in Marx's theory. This he borrowed from Hegel and never lost sight of. Consciousness - Vernunft in Hegelian terms - was not mere understanding (Verstand), but a deeper appreciation of the existing reality of the material world whose actual conditions would determine the possibility of revolutionary transformation. Workers who developed this conscious apprehension of the real world were the communists of the Communist Manifesto, who saw further and more deeply than their proletarian peers. The whole purposes of the 'dictatorship of the proletariat' (a term Marx first used in 1850) was not to impose the harsh dictatorship of characteristic of the 20th century. rather, it was a moment of transition while those with heightened consciousness educated those who had little or none.
I don't agree that Marx meant by the 'dictatorship of the proletariat' an 'educative dictatorship' (it's an argument made by Hosfeld - page 47 - which is maybe where Overy got it from). It seems clear to me that Marx wished to suggest an urban and plebeian intimidation of the counter-revolutionary soldiery and constitutionalist waverers. This comes across in his writings for the Neue Rheinische Zeitung in 1848. As I put it in my book:
Marx and Engels were concerned that the Frankfurt Parliament, being located in a relatively small city and thus isolated from the revolutionary crowd, would be timid in the face of counter-revolutionary aggression. In essence, they hoped that the urban revolutionary crowd would harass the Frankfurt assembly in order to counteract the pressure of the princely governments and armed forces: ‘Intimidation by the unarmed people or intimidation by an armed soldiery - that is the choice before the Assembly.’ (p. 72)
This is what Marx meant by popular 'dictatorship', and as the proletariat matured it would be 'proletarian dictatorship'. If education was to happen, it would be in the course of struggle. Take his rebuke to August Willich in 1850: "we say to the workers: you have 15 or 20 years of bourgeois and national wars to go through, not merely to alter conditions but to alter yourselves and make yourselves fit to take political power". Or his comments in Critique of the Gotha Programme (1875):
Elementary education by the state" is altogether objectionable. Defining by a general law the expenditures on the elementary schools, the qualifications of the teaching staff, the branches of instruction, etc. ... is a very different thing from appointing the state as the educator of the people! ... the state has need, on the contrary, of a very stern education by the people.

I don't want to prettify 'dictatorship of the proletariat': it clearly implied the suspension of the rule of law. But the idea of an educative dictatorship was Blanquist rather than Marxist.

But my main point is that I'm very interested by Overy's distinction between Vernunft and Verstand. Does anyone know if Overy writes on this elsewhere? Or where else I might look?

18 comments:

  1. WHEN ALL HOPE IS LOST IN WINNING THE LOTTERY MEGAMILLION AND DEEPLY SWIMMING IN UNPAYABLE DEBTS, LOOSING YOUR FAMILY AND THE ONES YOU LOVE AROUND YOU TO AN ABJECT POVERTY CONTACT THE VOODOO SPELL CASTER FOR LOTTERY SPELL,CASINO GAMBLING SPELLS,WIN LOTTERY JACKPOT,EUROMILLION JAKPOT, WIN YOUR CASINO GAMLIN GAMES WITH THE HELP OF A SPELL CASTER DR.OGUDU


    My name is john from ENGLAND before i meet DR OGUDU i have been in frustrating debts for about 6 years i have did everything possible to pay my debts and live a normal happy life with my family and friends but to no avail, I have played lottery for more than 9 years but never win big always been mock about spending my little earns on tickets that does not yield result but i was very determined and never give up on myself with hopes of earning a better life with the megamillion games, The situation contiuned like this for about 8 years until i saw i heart touching testimonies of some many lottery winners who give all there vote of thanks and appreciation to DR OGUDU the lottery spell caster namely where BRYON STEWART, MARIE HOLMES, JULIE LEACK and more more others who he heard help in winning the lottery so i got his email and website online after deliberate thinking i decideed to give him a try by contacting him through his email address and website behold after my encounter with DR.OGUDU my first winning tickets after he gave me some numbers to see his powers on lottery spell i won FIVE MILLION POUNDS[5.000.000] My life have totally changed for good and many more which he have done for me too numerous to mention if you have tried winning the lottery but no results contact DR OGUDU for life changing tickets and lottery numbers now VIA EMAIL [OGUDUSPELLTEMPLE@YAHOO.COM] WHATSAPP NUMBER +2348106058254""WEBSITE_ http://oguduspelltemple.wixsite.com/drogudu

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Love spell that work very fast: Check on Dr Sam website now: https://supremespellS.blogspot.com

      My husband broke up with me 5 months ago, and forced me to sign the divorce papers, and i was completely heartbroken. And I could not get back into any shape emotionally. I Thank God for this astonishing and brilliant spell caster that came to my rescue. Wow! This spell caster has helped me so much. Dr. Sam guaranteed me an urgent 24 hours spell casting, of which i accepted it. Shockingly! this month on the 5TH OF June 2019, my husband called me back with lots of apologies after 48 hours which he assured me, and he did everything possible to withdraw the divorce papers which was previously ongoing with the power of this miracle working spell caster. My Ex Husband came back to me and he was remorseful for the whole lot he has done And now my life is balanced and i am happy again. Thank you so so so much Lord for your powerful spells. expressions are not sufficient to say thank you. Email Dr Sam now for Urgent love spell.

      Supremespellcast@gmail.com Or Supremespellcast@yahoo.com

      WhatsApp or call him +2347087462033

      Delete
    2. 2019 GOOD AND RELIABLE LOVE SPELL TO BRING BACK EX LOVER URGENTLY CALL/WHATSAPP +2348118829899 OR EMAIL infinitylovespell@gmail.com

      My name is Luisa Ryan from Germany, I and my husband have been married for 10 years and we have 3 lovely kids, my husband was always busy with work but when ever it is weekend he always take me and our kids out for dinner and sometime we go shopping together because the kids like to buy things, our family was happy until my husband went on a business trip, when he came back he started acting strange he didn't have time for me and the kids anymore, last month he told me that he is tired of our marriage that he want a divorce at first I thought he was joking until he packed out of the house leaving me and the kids alone, I was heartbroken I couldn't eat for days I cried and cried and the kid were always asking for their dad and I do lied to them, I couldn't take it anymore I decided to search on how to get him back I came across Dr Great email I didn't want to email him at first but knowing am losing my husband I emailed him and explained my problem to him, he replied my mail and told me that he will help me it's will take 24 hrs to cast the spell, after he finished casting the spell he told me my husband will soon be back, few hours later my husband came back home begging I forgive him now we are living happily together, all thanks to Dr Great for saving my marriage. If your husband or wife left you and you want him or her back the right man to bring them back is Dr Great he is a good man he is a messager send by God to help us in time of problems he can put a stop to your problem email him at infinitylovespell@gmail.com or infinitylovespell@yahoo.com
      WhatsApp him +2348118829899 check out his website http://infinitylovespell.website2.me/
      my blogs http://luisaryan35.blogspot.com/




      2019 GOOD AND RELIABLE LOVE SPELL TO BRING BACK EX LOVER URGENTLY CALL/WHATSAPP +2348118829899 OR EMAIL infinitylovespell@gmail.com

      My name is Luisa Ryan from Germany, I and my husband have been married for 10 years and we have 3 lovely kids, my husband was always busy with work but when ever it is weekend he always take me and our kids out for dinner and sometime we go shopping together because the kids like to buy things, our family was happy until my husband went on a business trip, when he came back he started acting strange he didn't have time for me and the kids anymore, last month he told me that he is tired of our marriage that he want a divorce at first I thought he was joking until he packed out of the house leaving me and the kids alone, I was heartbroken I couldn't eat for days I cried and cried and the kid were always asking for their dad and I do lied to them, I couldn't take it anymore I decided to search on how to get him back I came across Dr Great email I didn't want to email him at first but knowing am losing my husband I emailed him and explained my problem to him, he replied my mail and told me that he will help me it's will take 24 hrs to cast the spell, after he finished casting the spell he told me my husband will soon be back, few hours later my husband came back home begging I forgive him now we are living happily together, all thanks to Dr Great for saving my marriage. If your husband or wife left you and you want him or her back the right man to bring them back is Dr Great he is a good man he is a messager send by God to help us in time of problems he can put a stop to your problem email him at infinitylovespell@gmail.com or infinitylovespell@yahoo.com
      WhatsApp him +2348118829899 check out his website http://infinitylovespell.website2.me/
      my blogs http://luisaryan35.blogspot.com/

      Delete
    3. Hello my name is Kallya from USA i want to tell the world about the great and mighty spell caster called Priest Ade my husband was cheating on me and no longer committed to me and our kids when i asked him what the problem was he told me he has fell out of love for me and wanted a divorce i was so heart broken i cried all day and night but he left home i was looking for something online when i saw an article how the great and powerful Priest Ade have helped so many in similar situation like mine he email address was there so i sent him an email telling him about my problem he told me he shall return back to me within 24hrs i did everything he asked me to do the nest day to my greatest surprise my husband came back home and was crying and begging for me to forgive and accept him back he can also help you contact
      ancientspiritspellcast@yahoo.com or ancientspiritspellcast@gmail.com

      https://ancientspiritspellcast12.wordpress.com

      Blog: https://ancientspirit1.blogspot.com

      Website http://ancientspiritspellcast.website2.me

      WhatsApp +2347059715465






      Hello my name is Kallya from USA i want to tell the world about the great and mighty spell caster called Priest Ade my husband was cheating on me and no longer committed to me and our kids when i asked him what the problem was he told me he has fell out of love for me and wanted a divorce i was so heart broken i cried all day and night but he left home i was looking for something online when i saw an article how the great and powerful Priest Ade have helped so many in similar situation like mine he email address was there so i sent him an email telling him about my problem he told me he shall return back to me within 24hrs i did everything he asked me to do the nest day to my greatest surprise my husband came back home and was crying and begging for me to forgive and accept him back he can also help you contact
      ancientspiritspellcast@yahoo.com or ancientspiritspellcast@gmail.com

      https://ancientspiritspellcast12.wordpress.com

      Blog: https://ancientspirit1.blogspot.com

      Website http://ancientspiritspellcast.website2.me

      WhatsApp +2347059715465






      Hello my name is Kallya from USA i want to tell the world about the great and mighty spell caster called Priest Ade my husband was cheating on me and no longer committed to me and our kids when i asked him what the problem was he told me he has fell out of love for me and wanted a divorce i was so heart broken i cried all day and night but he left home i was looking for something online when i saw an article how the great and powerful Priest Ade have helped so many in similar situation like mine he email address was there so i sent him an email telling him about my problem he told me he shall return back to me within 24hrs i did everything he asked me to do the nest day to my greatest surprise my husband came back home and was crying and begging for me to forgive and accept him back he can also help you contact
      ancientspiritspellcast@yahoo.com or ancientspiritspellcast@gmail.com

      https://ancientspiritspellcast12.wordpress.com

      Blog: https://ancientspirit1.blogspot.com

      Website http://ancientspiritspellcast.website2.me

      WhatsApp +2347059715465

      Delete
    4. POWERFUL SPELL CASTER THAT BROUGHT MY EX HUSBAND BACK INTO MY LIFE AFTER HE LEFT ME EMAIL HIM VIA EMAIL INFINITYLOVESPELL@GMAIL.COM OR INFINITYLOVESPELL@YAHOO.COM ADD HIM ON WHATSAPP +2348118829899

      Hello my fellow friends online I'm Diana Gilbert from USA, I want to use this medium to thank Dr Great because he brought back my Ex husband. my husband left me for his ex girlfriend he had before he married me it's a difficult situation for me I called and beg him to come back he refused he said he don't love me anymore I tried every possible way to get him back all was in vain I told my friend about it and she gave me Dr Great email and I emailed him and told him my problem and he told me what to do and I did it and he cast a love spell which brought back my husband within 24 hours. If you need help in getting back together with your Ex, email Dr Great at infinitylovespell@gmail.com or infinitylovespell@yahoo.com WhatsApp him+2348118829899 view his website http://infinitylovespell.website2.me you can also visit my blog http://dianagilbert05.over-blog.com/






      POWERFUL SPELL CASTER THAT BROUGHT MY EX HUSBAND BACK INTO MY LIFE AFTER HE LEFT ME EMAIL HIM VIA EMAIL INFINITYLOVESPELL@GMAIL.COM OR INFINITYLOVESPELL@YAHOO.COM ADD HIM ON WHATSAPP +2348118829899

      Hello my fellow friends online I'm Diana Gilbert from USA, I want to use this medium to thank Dr Great because he brought back my Ex husband. my husband left me for his ex girlfriend he had before he married me it's a difficult situation for me I called and beg him to come back he refused he said he don't love me anymore I tried every possible way to get him back all was in vain I told my friend about it and she gave me Dr Great email and I emailed him and told him my problem and he told me what to do and I did it and he cast a love spell which brought back my husband within 24 hours. If you need help in getting back together with your Ex, email Dr Great at infinitylovespell@gmail.com or infinitylovespell@yahoo.com WhatsApp him+2348118829899 view his website http://infinitylovespell.website2.me you can also visit my blog http://dianagilbert05.over-blog.com/







      POWERFUL SPELL CASTER THAT BROUGHT MY EX HUSBAND BACK INTO MY LIFE AFTER HE LEFT ME EMAIL HIM VIA EMAIL INFINITYLOVESPELL@GMAIL.COM OR INFINITYLOVESPELL@YAHOO.COM ADD HIM ON WHATSAPP +2348118829899

      Hello my fellow friends online I'm Diana Gilbert from USA, I want to use this medium to thank Dr Great because he brought back my Ex husband. my husband left me for his ex girlfriend he had before he married me it's a difficult situation for me I called and beg him to come back he refused he said he don't love me anymore I tried every possible way to get him back all was in vain I told my friend about it and she gave me Dr Great email and I emailed him and told him my problem and he told me what to do and I did it and he cast a love spell which brought back my husband within 24 hours. If you need help in getting back together with your Ex, email Dr Great at infinitylovespell@gmail.com or infinitylovespell@yahoo.com WhatsApp him+2348118829899 view his website http://infinitylovespell.website2.me you can also visit my blog http://dianagilbert05.over-blog.com/

      Delete
  2. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete

  3. WHEN ALL HOPE IS LOST IN WINNING THE LOTTERY MEGAMILLION AND DEEPLY SWIMMING IN UNPAYABLE DEBTS, LOOSING YOUR FAMILY AND THE ONES YOU LOVE AROUND YOU TO AN ABJECT POVERTY CONTACT THE VOODOO SPELL CASTER FOR LOTTERY SPELL,CASINO GAMBLING SPELLS,WIN LOTTERY JACKPOT,EURO MILLION JACKPOT, WIN YOUR CASINO GAMBLING GAMES WITH THE HELP OF A SPELL CASTER DR.OGUDU


    My name is JOHN REHM from ENGLAND before i meet DR OGUDU i have been in frustrating debts for about 6 years i have did everything possible to pay my debts and live a normal happy life with my family and friends but to no avail, I have played lottery for more than 9 years but never win big always been mock about spending my little earns on tickets that does not yield result but i was very determined and never give up on myself with hopes of earning a better life with the mega million games, The situation continued like this for about 8 years until i saw i heart touching testimonies of some many lottery winners who give all there vote of thanks and appreciation to DR OGUDU the lottery spell caster namely where BRYON STEWART, MARIE HOLMES, JULIE LEAK and more more others who he heard help in winning the lottery so i got his email and website online after deliberate thinking i decided to give him a try by contacting him through his email address and website behold after my encounter with DR.OGUDU my first winning tickets after he gave me some numbers to see his powers on lottery spell i won FIVE MILLION POUNDS[5.000.000] My life have totally changed for good and many more which he have done for me too numerous to mention if you have tried winning the lottery but no results contact DR OGUDU for life changing tickets and lottery numbers now VIA EMAIL [OGUDUSPELLTEMPLE@YAHOO.COM] WHATS-APP NUMBER +2348106058254""WEBSITE_ http://oguduspelltemple.wixsite.com/drogudu

    ReplyDelete
  4. I'm Olivia Megan from United State,I'm happy that my husband is back into my life after 2 years of divorce, Dr.AKHERE brought my husband back today and i am so excited. I got DR AKHERE email online when a lady was testifying about the strong spell caster who restored her marriage then I said to myself since he helped her, he can also help me,so i emailed him and told him the pain that I was going through,and he told me what to do and i did it,Then he did an urgent Love spell for me. 48 hours later, my husband came back home and with lots of love and joy,and he apologized for his mistake,and for the pain he caused me. Then from that day,our marriage was now stronger than how it were before, All thanks to DR AKHERE. Our family is complete again. If you are going through Divorce/Broke-up since DR AKHERE helped me, he can also help you..email him at: AKHERETEMPLE@gmail.com ,Thank you DR AKHERE for saving my broken Marriage and brought my husband back to me.
    Email him: AKHERETEMPLE@gmail.com
    or
    call/whatsapp:+2349057261346

    ReplyDelete
  5. Love spell that work very fast: Check on Dr Sam website now: https://supremespellS.blogspot.com

    My husband broke up with me 5 months ago, and forced me to sign the divorce papers, and i was completely heartbroken. And I could not get back into any shape emotionally. I Thank God for this astonishing and brilliant spell caster that came to my rescue. Wow! This spell caster has helped me so much. Dr. Sam guaranteed me an urgent 24 hours spell casting, of which i accepted it. Shockingly! this month on the 5TH OF June 2019, my husband called me back with lots of apologies after 48 hours which he assured me, and he did everything possible to withdraw the divorce papers which was previously ongoing with the power of this miracle working spell caster. My Ex Husband came back to me and he was remorseful for the whole lot he has done And now my life is balanced and i am happy again. Thank you so so so much Lord for your powerful spells. expressions are not sufficient to say thank you. Email Dr Sam now for Urgent love spell.

    Supremespellcast@gmail.com Or Supremespellcast@yahoo.com

    WhatsApp or call him +2347087462033

    ReplyDelete
  6. 2019 GOOD AND RELIABLE LOVE SPELL TO BRING BACK EX LOVER URGENTLY CALL/WHATSAPP +2348118829899 OR EMAIL infinitylovespell@gmail.com

    My name is Luisa Ryan from Germany, I and my husband have been married for 10 years and we have 3 lovely kids, my husband was always busy with work but when ever it is weekend he always take me and our kids out for dinner and sometime we go shopping together because the kids like to buy things, our family was happy until my husband went on a business trip, when he came back he started acting strange he didn't have time for me and the kids anymore, last month he told me that he is tired of our marriage that he want a divorce at first I thought he was joking until he packed out of the house leaving me and the kids alone, I was heartbroken I couldn't eat for days I cried and cried and the kid were always asking for their dad and I do lied to them, I couldn't take it anymore I decided to search on how to get him back I came across Dr Great email I didn't want to email him at first but knowing am losing my husband I emailed him and explained my problem to him, he replied my mail and told me that he will help me it's will take 24 hrs to cast the spell, after he finished casting the spell he told me my husband will soon be back, few hours later my husband came back home begging I forgive him now we are living happily together, all thanks to Dr Great for saving my marriage. If your husband or wife left you and you want him or her back the right man to bring them back is Dr Great he is a good man he is a messager send by God to help us in time of problems he can put a stop to your problem email him at infinitylovespell@gmail.com or infinitylovespell@yahoo.com
    WhatsApp him +2348118829899 check out his website http://infinitylovespell.website2.me/
    my blogs http://luisaryan35.blogspot.com/

    ReplyDelete
  7. Hello my name is Kallya from USA i want to tell the world about the great and mighty spell caster called Priest Ade my husband was cheating on me and no longer committed to me and our kids when i asked him what the problem was he told me he has fell out of love for me and wanted a divorce i was so heart broken i cried all day and night but he left home i was looking for something online when i saw an article how the great and powerful Priest Ade have helped so many in similar situation like mine he email address was there so i sent him an email telling him about my problem he told me he shall return back to me within 24hrs i did everything he asked me to do the nest day to my greatest surprise my husband came back home and was crying and begging for me to forgive and accept him back he can also help you contact
    ancientspiritspellcast@yahoo.com or ancientspiritspellcast@gmail.com

    https://ancientspiritspellcast12.wordpress.com

    Blog: https://ancientspirit1.blogspot.com

    Website http://ancientspiritspellcast.website2.me

    WhatsApp +2347059715465

    ReplyDelete
  8. Hello my name is Kallya from USA i want to tell the world about the great and mighty spell caster called Priest Ade my husband was cheating on me and no longer committed to me and our kids when i asked him what the problem was he told me he has fell out of love for me and wanted a divorce i was so heart broken i cried all day and night but he left home i was looking for something online when i saw an article how the great and powerful Priest Ade have helped so many in similar situation like mine he email address was there so i sent him an email telling him about my problem he told me he shall return back to me within 24hrs i did everything he asked me to do the nest day to my greatest surprise my husband came back home and was crying and begging for me to forgive and accept him back he can also help you contact
    ancientspiritspellcast@yahoo.com or ancientspiritspellcast@gmail.com

    https://ancientspiritspellcast12.wordpress.com

    Blog: https://ancientspirit1.blogspot.com

    Website http://ancientspiritspellcast.website2.me

    WhatsApp +2347059715465

    ReplyDelete
  9. POWERFUL SPELL CASTER THAT BROUGHT MY EX HUSBAND BACK INTO MY LIFE AFTER HE LEFT ME EMAIL HIM VIA EMAIL INFINITYLOVESPELL@GMAIL.COM OR INFINITYLOVESPELL@YAHOO.COM ADD HIM ON WHATSAPP +2348118829899

    Hello my fellow friends online I'm Diana Gilbert from USA, I want to use this medium to thank Dr Great because he brought back my Ex husband. my husband left me for his ex girlfriend he had before he married me it's a difficult situation for me I called and beg him to come back he refused he said he don't love me anymore I tried every possible way to get him back all was in vain I told my friend about it and she gave me Dr Great email and I emailed him and told him my problem and he told me what to do and I did it and he cast a love spell which brought back my husband within 24 hours. If you need help in getting back together with your Ex, email Dr Great at infinitylovespell@gmail.com or infinitylovespell@yahoo.com WhatsApp him+2348118829899 view his website http://infinitylovespell.website2.me you can also visit my blog http://dianagilbert05.over-blog.com/

    ReplyDelete
  10. I have never believe that there is still power in spell until i found a great spell-caster who help me out with my lucky numbers which i used in winning my lotto game, i won 100,000 pounds these man has been of help to so many people in different ways, i was so lucky to found these great doctor. I am sharing these testimony to the viewers out there, because i found him on the internet too from someone he has help to win mega million if you are in need of his help here is his email akhigbespellhome@gmail.com he also help with the following issues
    RELATIONSHIP PROBLEMS
    FIGHTING OF SPIRITUAL PROBLEMS
    WINNING OF LOTTERY NUMBERS
    PROMOTION IN THE OFFICE
    BUSINESS PROMOTION
    MONEY SPELL
    LOVE SPELL
    All these are what Dr AKHIGBE can do with the power of his gods
    for easy communication you can reach him via his email akhigbespellhome@gmail.com Call or Whatsa pp +2349035428122

    ReplyDelete
  11. My husband and I have been married for about 7 yrs now. We were happily married with two kids, a boy and a girl. 3 months ago, I started to notice some strange behavior from him and a few weeks later I found out that my husband is seeing someone. He started coming home late from work, he hardly care about me or the kids anymore, Sometimes he goes out and doesn't even come back home for about 2-3 days. I did all I could to rectify this problem but all to no avail. I became very worried and needed help. As I was browsing through the Internet one day, I came across a website that suggested that Dr Great can help solve marital problems, restore broken relationships and so on. So, I felt I should give him a try. I contacted him and he did a spell for me. Two days later, my husband came to me and apologized for the wrongs he did and promise never to do it again. Ever since then, everything has returned back to normal. I and my family are living together happily again.. All thanks to Dr Great . If you need a spell caster that can cast a spell that truly works, I suggest you contact him. He will not disappoint you. This is his E-mail:

    infinitylovespell@gmail.com or infinitylovespell@yahoo.com

    WhatsApp +2348118829899

    website http://infinitylovespell.website2.me/

    ReplyDelete
  12. I got my man back with the help of Kwale Temple. Without delay I was able to get my man back after 6 months of break up, I got him back after 48 hours with the help of Kwale Temple. You can contact Dr Kwale on kwaletemple@gmail.com or add him up on Whats App +234805614108

    ReplyDelete
  13. I want to thank Dr Osasu a very powerful spell caster who help me to bring
    my husband back to me, few month ago i have a serious problem with my
    husband, to the extend that he left the house, and he started dating
    another woman and he stayed with the woman, i tried all i can to bring him
    back, but all my effort was useless until till the day my friend came to my
    house and i told her every thing that had happened between me and my
    husband, then she told me of a powerful spell caster who help her when she
    was in the same problem I then contact Dr Osasu and told him every think
    and he told me not to worry my self again that my husband will come back to
    me after he has cast a spell on him,i thought it was a joke, after he had
    finish casting the spell, he told me that he had just finish casting the
    spell, to my greatest surprise within that 3 days, my husband really came
    back begging me to forgive him, if you need his help you can contact him
    with his email address [drosasu25@gmail.com] Website http://Drosasu.com.ng
    add him up on his whatsapp +2347064365391 He is willing to help any body
    that need his help.

    ReplyDelete
  14. What a wonderful and a straight forward spell caster that has brought back joy and happiness into my life! Am giving this testimony because am so happy, I want to thank Dr. Osasu for the great thing He has done in my life , He brought happiness back to my life, I never believed in spell casters until my life fell apart when my lover of 6 years decided to call it quit almost when we wanted to get married. I was so emotional breakdown to the extent i could not do anything reasonable again, after 2months in pain before an old friend of mine introduced me to a spell caster on line called Dr Osasu, this was after I have been scammed by various fake spell casters. I was introduced me to Dr Osasu a true Spell Caster. In less than 24 hours i saw wonders, my lover came back to me and my life got back just like a completed puzzle, and after 1month later we got married and it was just like a dream to me because i thought i had lost him forever. Thank you Dr. Osasu for helping me but most of all, Your Honesty and Fast Accurate Results. email: Drosasu25@gmail.com WhatsApp Number: +2347064365391

    ReplyDelete